SHIBUI SWORDS GLOSSARY


AIKUCHI - A tanto with no tsuba (guard).
AMATERASU - The Divine Goddess of the Sun.
AOI - Hollyhock, commonly used as a Mon.
ARAME-NIE - ARA-NIE groups into a meshing, or NIE lacing.
ARA-NIE - Coarse or large nie.
ASAKI-NOTARE - Slight or shallow NOTARE waves.
ASHI - Legs (streaks of nioi pointing down toward the edge).
ASHINAGA - Long ASHI. Very long "legs".
ATOBORI - Horimono added at a later date.
ATO MEI - Signature added at a later date.
ATSUSHI - Thick NIE or NIOI.
AYASUGI - Large wavey hada (grain).

BAKUFU - Military government of the Shogun.
BO-HI - Large or wide groove.
BOKKEN - Wooden sword for practicing sword kata.
BONJI - Sanskrit carvings.
BO-UTSURI - Faint utsuri.
BOSHI - Temper line in kissaki (point).
BOSHIGATA - An interruption of the temper line in the BOSHI.
BU - Japanese measurement (approx 0.1 inch).
BUKE - Military man, samurai.
BUSHI - Warrior.
BUSHIDO - The code of the samurai.

CAO - Monogram trademark added to a signature. Also KAO.
CHIJI-MEN - A unique HADA pattern found in BITCHU AOE.
CHIKEI - Dark lines that appear in the JI.
CHISA KATANA - Short katana.
CHOJI - Clove shaped hamon.
CHOJI OIL - Oil for the care of swords.
CHOJI-MIDARE - Irregular choji hamon (temper line).
CHOKUTO - Prehistoric straight swords.
CHU - Medium.
CHU-KISSAKI - Medium sized point (kissaki).
CHU-SUGUHA - Straight, medium width temper line.
CHUMON-UCHI - Special ordered sword.

DAI - Great or large.
DAI-MEI - Student smith signing his teacher's name.
DAIBO-CHOJI - High rising CHOJI-MIDARE, also called OBUSA.
DAIJIRI - Style of BOSHI turnback with large butting end.
DAIMYO - Feudal lord.
DAI-SHO - A matched pair of long and short swords.
DAITO - Long sword (over 24 inches).
DENAORI - Retemper. Usually SAIHA or YAKINAOSHI.

EBISU - Aboriginal "Barbarians" - the AINU.
EDO - TOKUGAWA Capital and former name of present Tokyo.

FUCHI - Collar on hilt.
FUCHI-KASHIRA - Set of hilt collar (fuchi) and buttcap (kashira).
FUKAI (FUKASHI) - Deep NIOI or NIE.
FUKURA - Curve of the ha or edge in the kissaki (point).
FUKURE - Flaw; usually a blister in the steel.
FUKURIN - Rim cover of a tsuba.
FUNAGATA - Ship bottom shaped nakago.
FUNBARI / FUMBARI - Much taper of the blade from the machi to the kissaki.
FURISODE - Shape of sword tang that resembling the sleeve of a kimono.
FUSHI - Portions of a temperline that appear like knots of a tree.

GAKU-MEI - Original signature inlaid in a cut-off (o-suriage) tang.
GENDAITO - Traditionally forged sword blades by modern smiths.
GIMEI - Fake signature.
GIN - Silver.
GOBAN KAJI - "Swordsmiths to the Emperor."
GOKADEN - The Five Schools of the Koto period.
GOMABASHI - Parallel grooves.
GOMAE KITAE - Five laminate blade structure.
GOMEIKEN - Five Great Swords: Mikazuki, Onimaru, Dojikiri, Juzumaru, Odenta.
GUCHI or FUCHI - The mouth of the scabbard or handle.
GUNOME - Undulating hamon.
GUNOME-MIDARE - Irregularly undulating hamon.
GUNTO - Army or military sword mountings.
GYAKU - Angled back, reversed.
GYO no MUNE - Common or FUTSU-MUNE. IHORI-MUNE.

HA - Cutting edge.
HA-AGARI - JIRI of the NAKAGO.
HABAKI - Blade collar.
HABAKI-MOTO - Area of blade nearest the MACHI's.
HABUCHI - The line of the HAMON.
HADA - Grain in steel, pattern of folding the steel.
HAGANE - Steel.
HAGIRE - Edge cracks in the hamon (fatal flaw).
HAITO - Personal sword.
HAKIKAKE - Broom swept portions in the boshi.
HAKO BA - Box shaped hamon.
HAKO-MIDARE - Uneven box shaped hamon.
HAKO-MUNE - Square shaped blade back.
HA-MACHI - Notch at the beginning of the cutting edge.
HAMAGURI - Thick along the HA.
HAMIDASHI - Tanto or dagger with a small guard (tsuba).
HAMON - Temper pattern along blade edge.
HANDACHI - Tachi mountings used on a katana or wakizashi.
HATARAKI - Activities or workings within the hamon or temperline.
HATSUYA/HAZUYA - Finger stones used to show the hamon and hada.
HI - Grooves in the blade.
HIGAKI - Lattice pattern file marks.
HIRA-MUNE - Flat blade backridge.
HIRA-TSUKURI / HIRA-ZUKURI - Blade without a shinogi (flat blade).
HIRO-SUGUHA - Wide, straight temper line (hamon).
HITATSURA - Full tempered hamon. SO-SHU HAMON.
HITSU / HITSU-ANA - Holes in the tsuba for the kozuka or kogai.
HO - Kozuka blade. HONAMI - Family of sword appraisers.
HORIMONO - Carvings on sword blades.
HOSHI - Stars. Can be bright NIE or little groups of NIE.
HOTSURE - Stray lines from hamon into the JI.
HYOTAN - "Bottle Gourd" temper line.
IBUSE - Large round shape in certain BOSHI.

ICHI - One or first.
ICHIMAI - One-piece sword construction.
ICHIMAI BOSHI - Point area (kissaki) that is fully tempered.
IHORI-MUNE - Peaked back ridge.
IKUBI - Boar's neck (a short, wide kissaki).
INAZUMA - Lightning (a type of activity in the hamon).
ITAME - Wood grained HADA.
ITO - Silk or cotton hilt wrapping.
ITOMAKI NO TACHI - Tachi with top of saya wrapped with ito.
ITO SUGU - Thin, thread-like hamon.

JI - Sword surface between the shinogi and the hamon.
JI-GANE - Surface steel.
JI-HADA - Surface pattern of the HADA.
JINDACHI - Tachi.
JI-NIE - Islands of NIE in the JI.
JIZO BOSHI - Boshi shaped like a priest's head.
JUMONJI YARI - A yari with cross pieces.
JORIN - Ring-shaped grain. JORIN MOKUME.
JUYO TOKEN - Highly important origami for sword by NBTHK.
JUZU - Hamon like rosary beads.

KABUTO - Helmet.
KABUTO-GANE - Tachi style pommel cap.
KABUTO-WARI - Helmet breaker.
KAEN - Flame shaped boshi.
KAERI - Turnback (refers to the boshi at the mune).
KAI GUNTO - Naval sword.
KAJI - Swordsmith.
KAKIHAN - Swordsmiths or tsuba makers monogram.
KAKU-MUNE - Square back ridge.
KAMIKAZI - Divine wind.
KANJI - Japanese characters.
KANMURI-OTOSHI - Backridge beveled like a naginata.
KANTEI - Sword appraisal.
KAO - Carved monogram of swordsmith on tang (nakago).
KASANE - Thickness of blade.
KASHIRA - Sword pommel or buttcap.
KATA-JIRI - The single plane that extends along the edge of a groove on the shinogi-ji.
KATAKIRI - Sword with one side flat (no shinogi).
KATANA - Sword worn in the obi, cutting edge up.
KATANA KAKE - Sword stand.
KATANA-MEI - Signature side that faces out when worn edge up.
KATATE-UCHI - "One handed fighting sword.
KAWAGANE - Skin or surface steel.
KAZU-UCHI MONO - Mass produced swords.
KEBORI - Line carving done on sword mounts.
KEN - Straight double edged sword.
KENDO - Name of a sword discipline using a shinai.
KENGYO - Triangular or pointed nakago-jiri.
KESHO YASURIME - Decorative file marks on nakago.
KIJIMATA - Pheasant thigh shaped nakago.
KIJIMOMO - Pheasant leg shaped nakago.
KIKU - Chrysanthemum.
KIKUBA - Chrysanthemum temperline (hamon).
KIKU GYOSAKU - Swords signed by Emperor Gotoba with chrysanthemum.
KIKU ICHIMONJI - Inscriptions of the Ichimonji school.
KIN - Gold.
KINKO - Soft metal sword fittings (not iron).
KIN-MEI - Gold inlay or gold lacquer appraiser's signature.
KINZOGAN MEI - Same a kin-mei.
KINSUJI - Golden line (type of activity in hamon).
KINZOGAN-MEI - Attribution in gold inlay on nakago.
KINSUJI - Whitish line along hamon.
KIRI - Paulownia.
KIRI HA - Flat sword with both sides beveled to the edge.
KIRI KOMI - Sword cut or nick on the blade from another sword.
KISSAKI - Point of blade.
KITAE - Forging.
KIZU - Flaw.
KO - Old or small.
KOBUSE - Blade constructed with hard steel around a soft core.
KO-CHOJI - Small choji hamon.
KODACHI - Small tachi.
KODOGU - All the sword fittings except the tsuba.
KOGAI - Hair pick accessory.
KOGARASU - Blade having Ryoba double-edge in the Monouchi section.
KOI-GUCHI - The mouth of the scabbard or its fitting.
KOJIRI - End of the scabbard.
KOKUHO - National treasure class sword.
KO-MARU - Small round boshi.
KO-MASAME - Small or tight straight grain.
KO-MIDARE - Small irregular hamon.
KO-MOKUME - Small wood grain HADA.
KO-NIE - Small or fine NIE.
KO-NIE DEKI - Composed of small NIE.
KO-NUKA - Small or fine texture "Rice Bran" grain. Associated with Hizen-to.
KO-SEKI - Old Seki.
KOSHIATE - Leather suspensors (hangers) for a sword.
KOSHIBA - Style of Hamon where a large figure to the pattern appears in the Yakiba near the Nakago.
KOSHI-HI - Grooves carved in the lower near Nakago.
KO-SHINOGI - The Shinogi ridgeline attendant to the Kissaki.
KO-SHINOGI SAKI - The point where the Ko-shinogi meets the backridge.
KOSHIRAE - Sword mountings or fittings.
KOSHI-ZORI - Curve of the blade is near the hilt.
KOTETSU - The most famous Shinto swordsmith.
KOTO - Old Sword Period (prior to about 1596).
KO-WAKIZASHI - Small or short Wakizashi.
KOZORI - Sword making school - Bizen.
KOZUKA - Handle of accessory knife.
KUBIKIRI - Small tanto for cutting the neck or removing heads.
KUICHIGAI - Appearance of Hamon line like that of embers.
KUMO - Grain appearing like cloud swirls.
KUNI - Province.
KURIJIRI - Rounded nakago jiri.
KURIKARA - Dragon horimono (engraving/carving).
KURIKATA - Scabbard (saya) fitting for attaching the sageo.
KUZURE - Crumbling or disintegrating.
KWAIKEN - Short knife carried by women.

MACHI - Notches at the start of the ha and mune.
MACHI-OKURI - Blade shortened by moving up the ha-machi and mune-machi.
MARU - Round.
MARU-DOME - Round groove ending.
MARU-MUNE - Round mune.
MASAME - Straight grain (hada).
MASAMUNE - Reputed to be the greatest swordsmith.
MEI - Swordsmith's signature.
MEIBUTSU - Famous sword.
MEKUGI - Sword peg.
MEKUGI-ANA - Hole for mekugi.
MEMPO - Face guard or mask.
MENUKI - Hilt ornaments.
MIDARE - Irregular, uneven temperline (hamon).
MIDARE-KOMI - Uneven pattern in boshi.
MIHABA - Width of sword blade at the machi.
MIMIGATA - Ear shaped hamon.
MITOKOROMONO - Matching set of kozuka, kogai and menuki.
MITSU KADO - Point where yokote, shinogi and ko-shinogi meet.
MITSU-MUNE - Three-sided mune.
MIZUKAGE - Hazy line in ji commonly due to re-tempering.
MOKUME - Burl like HADA.
MON - Family crest.
MONOUCHI - Main cutting portion of blade (first six inches from kissaki).
MOROHA - Double-edged sword.
MOTO-HABA - Blade width near habaki.
MOTO-KASANE - Blade thickness.
MU - Empty or nothing.
MU-JI - No visible grain.
MU-MEI - No signature (unsigned blade).
MUNE - Back ridge of sword blade.
MUNE-GANE - Lamination piece of the backridge.
MUNE-MACHI - Notch at start of mune.
MUNEYAKI - Regions of temper along the mune.
MU-SORI - No curvature.

N.B.T.H.K. - Nihon Bijutsu Token Hozon Kai (sword preservation group).
NAGAMAKI - Halberd weapon mounted as a sword.
NAGASA - Blade length (from tip of kissaki to munemachi).
NAGINATA - Halberd.
NAKAGO - Sword tang.
NAMBAN TETSU - Foreign steel.
NAMBOKUCHO - North and South courts. Yoshino period.
NANAKO - Raised dimpling (fish roe).
NAOSHI - Corrected or repaired.
NASHIJI - Hada like pear skin.
NENGO - Japanese era.
NIE - Bright crystals in hamon or ji.
NIE-DEKI - Hamon done in nie.
NIJUBA - "Two-fold Ha." Double Hamon.
NIKU - Meat (blade having lots of fullness).
NIOI - Cloud like hamon.
NIOI-DEKI - Composed of nioi.
NIOI-GIRE - Break in hamon.
NODACHI - Large tachi worn by high officials.
NOTARE - Wave like hamon.
NOTARE-MIDARE - Irregular wave like hamon.
N.T.H.K.. - Nihon Token Hozon Kai (sword appraisal group).
NUNOME - Overlay metal-work.

O - Large.
OBI - Belt sash.
OBUSA - Rising or extended Gunome or Chogi patterns.
O-CHOJI - Large choji hamon.
O-DACHI - Very long sword (over 30 inches).
O-KISSAKI - Large kissaki.
O-MIDARE - Large irregular hamon.
OMOTE - Signature side of the nakago.
O-NIE - Large nie.
O-NOTARE - Large wave patterned hamon.
ORIGAMI - Appraisal certificate.
ORIGANE - Spiring Kinsuji.
ORIKAESHI MEI - Folded signature.
OROSHIGANE - Specially processed steel for making swords.
O-SEPPA - Large seppa (usually on tachi).
OSHIGATA - Rubbing of the signature on the nakago.
O-SURIAGE - A shortened tang with the signature removed.

RYO - Two or double.
RYOBA - Double-edged. Cutting edge extends down the back some distance.
RYO-JIRI - The two Shinogi-ji surfaces that border a groove.
RYU - Dragon.

SAGEO - Cord used for tying the saya to the obi.
SAGURI - Catch-hook on saya.
SAIHA/SAIJIN - Retempered sword.
SAKA - Slanted.
SAKI - Tip or point.
SAKI-HABA - Blade width at yokote.
SAKI ZORI - Curvature in the top third of the blade.
SAKU - Made.
SAME' - Rayskin used for tsuka (handle) covering.
SAMURAI - Japanese warrior or the warrior class.
SANBONSUGI - "Three cedars" (hamon with repeating three peaks).
SAN-MAI - Three-piece sword construction.
SAYA - Sword scabbard.
SAYAGAKI - Attribution on a plain wood scabbard.
SAYAGUCHI - Mouth of the scabbard (koi-guchi).
SAYASHI - Scabbard maker.
SEKI-GANE - Soft metal plugs in the tsuka hitsu-ana.
SENGOKU - Hundred Year War. 1490 to 1600.
SEPPA - Washers or spacers.
SHAKU - Japanese unit of measure approximately one foot.
SHAKUDO - Copper and gold alloy used for sword fittings.
SHIBUICHI - Copper and silver alloy used for sword fittings.
SHIKOMI-ZUE - Sword cane.
SHINAE - Ripples in steel due to bending of blade.
SHINAI - Bamboo sword used in Kendo.
SHINGANE - Soft core steel.
SHINOGI - Ridgeline of the blade.
SHINOGI-JI - Sword flat between the mune and shinogi.
SHINOGI-ZUKURI - Sword with shinogi.
SHIN-SHINTO - New-New Sword Period (1781 to 1868).
SHINTO - New Sword Period (1596 to 1781).
SHIRASAYA - Plain wood storage scabbard.
SHITODOME - Small collars in the kurikata and/or kashira.
SHOBU ZUKURI - Blade where shinogi goes to the tip of the kissaki (no yokote).
SHOGUN - Supreme military leader.
SHOTO - Short sword (between 12 and 24 inches).
SHOWATO - Sword made during the Showa Era (usually refers to low quality blades).
SHUMEI - Red lacquer signature.
SHURIKEN - Small throwing knife.
SORI - Curvature.
SUDARE-BA - Bamboo blinds effects in hamon.
SUE - Late or later.
SUGATA - Shape of sword blade.
SUGUHA - Straight temper line.
SUKASHI - Cut out.
SUMI-HADA - Grain areas where carbon remains in the steel creating lines.
SUN - Japanese measure, approx. one inch.
SUNAGASHI - Activity in hamon like brushed sand.
SURIAGE - Shortened tang.

TACHI - Long sword worn with cutting-edge down.
TACHI-MEI - Signature facing away from body when worn edge down.
TAKABORI - High relief carving.
TAKANOHA - Hawk feather style of yasurime.
TAKENOKO - "Bamboo sprout" sugata. Mostly tanto.
TAMABA - Ball yakiba patterns appearing on or within the hamon.
TAMAHAGANE - Raw steel for making swords.
TAMESHIGIRI - Cutting test.
TAMESHI-MEI - Cutting test inscription.
TANAGO - Fish belly shaped nakago.
TANAGO-BARA - Fish belly shaped nakago.
TANTO - Dagger or knife with blade less than 12 inches.
TATARA - Smith's smelter for making sword steel.
TENKA GOKEN - "The Five Great Swords."
TO - Sword.
TOBIYAKI - Islands of tempering in the JI.
TOGARI - Pointed.
TOGI - Sword polish or polisher.
TORAN - High wave like hamon.
TORII-ZORI - Sword curve in the middle of the blade.
TSUBA - Sword guard.
TSUCHI - Small hammer/awl for removing mekugi.
TSUKA - Sword handle.
TSUKA-GUCHI - Mouth of handle.
TSUKA-ITO - Handle wrapping or tape.
TSUKAMAKI - Art of wrapping the handle of a sword.
TSUKURI / ZUKURI - Sword.
TSUKURU - Made by or produced by.
TSUNAGI - Wooden sword blade to display fittings.
TSURUGI - Double edged, straight sword.
TSUYU - A term of beauty for abundant or fine NIE.

UBU - Original, complete, unaltered tang (nakago).
UCHIGATANA - Fighting katana.
UCHIKO - Fine powder used to clean sword blades.
UCHIKOMI - A cut injury to the steel from a sword strike.
UCHINOKE - Specific curved hamon figures.
UCHIZORI - Curved inward.
UMABARI - Horse needle.
UMA-HA - Horse teeth hamon.
UMEGANE - Plug used to repair kizu.
URA - Side of the nakago facing toward the body.
URA-MEI - Signed on the ura (usually the date).
UTSURI - Reflection of temperline in JI.
UZU - Whirlpool grain.
UZUMAKI - Whirlpool HADA.

WAKIZASHI - Short sword (blade between 12 and 24 inches).
WARE - Opening in the steel.
WARI-BASHI / WARI-KOGAI - Chop-sticks.

YAKI DASHI - Straight temperline near the hamachi.
YA-HAZU - Arrow notch shaped hamon.
YAKIBA - Hardened, tempered sword edge.
YAKIDASHI - Hamon drops off the edge a short distance from the ha-machi.
YAKIHABA - Width of yakiba.
YAKI-IRE - Fast quenching of sword (tempering).
YAKIOTOSHI - Hamon beginning just above the ha-machi.
YAKIZUME - Temperline in boshi with no turnback.
YANONE - Arrow head.
YARI - Spear.
YASURIME - File marks on nakago.
YO - Dot-shaped nioi pattern in yakiba.
YOKOTE - Line between ji and kissaki.
YOROIDOSHI - Armor piercing tanto.
YUBASHIRI - This term has been used to describe small yakiba shapes in the JI.

ZAI-MEI - Inscription - the opposite of MU-MEI.
ZOGAN - Inlay.
ZOKUMYO - A sword with a personal name in the MEI.
ZUKURI - Sword.


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